The correct functioning of the thyroid is required to maintain and regulate cell metabolism within the body. When the thyroid is unable to produce the required amounts of thyroid hormones to regulate the body’s use of iodine, there arise significant physiological maladies. These can include tiredness, puffy features, mental slowness and slurred speech.
The onset and development of hypothyroidism can take a very long time and is thus able to be treated with success without detrimentally impacting on the life of the individual suffering from the disorder. The treatment selected is usually an external one, providing the hormones required for natural metabolism to occur in order to supplement the body’s production.
The causes of the disorder are varied and numerous. Due to the significant role of the thyroid gland in natural bodily function, any instance where the tissue of the gland itself becomes damaged can lead to a manifestation of the disorder.
There are several major players leading to damage or reduction of available thyroid tissue. The development of thyroid cancer can require total removal of the thyroid gland, leading to a significant requirement for hormone replacement. Such surgical causes are sometimes required in order to save the life of the patient, but drastic action is preferably avoided.
Radioactive iodine can cause significant damage to thyroid tissue, and many therapies and treatments for hyperthyroidism can eventually lead to an underperforming thyroid and development of the counter condition.
When the body itself causes inflammation of the thyroid this can also lead to damage of the thyroid tissue and eventual collapse of the natural regulatory systems of the body’s metabolism. This is a result of the lack of thyroid hormones due to decreased production.
When a biological system lacks appropriate mechanisms for hormone production there arise bottlenecks, and the smooth operation of the biological organism becomes impeded. The manifestation of this principle when it occurs in the thyroid gland is the lessened production of thyroid hormones. The result of this is that the human body ceases its normal function, leading to the long term deterioration of the suffering individual’s health.
By identifying the cause of this collapse, the patient can be treated, and their lifestyle is able to return to the condition of normality that it once was. Normal sexual function will return, libido will increase again and the appearance will return to its normal condition. Seldom does the condition advance to a state whereby cretinism or other retardation of physical state occurs, but when it does advance to this sad state there is little opportunity for remediation of these disabilities.
Early detection of a thyroid disorder is key to limiting the negative effects of the disorder and with appropriately designed treatment regimes the affected individual can lead a normal life. Treatment can include the administration of thyroid hormones and chemical inputs to alter upstream pathways such as the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus that govern and control the action of the thyroid. The exact nature of the treatment is determined by the cause of the disorder.